La prevenzione delle riammissioni nella persona con scompenso cardiaco grazie all’educazione secondo i Modelli Funzionali di Gordon. Revisione narrativa di letteratura

Ricevuto: 19 novembre 2023
Accettato: 17 marzo 2024
Pubblicato: 28 marzo 2024
Abstract Views: 96
PDF: 28
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Autori

Introduzione: lo scompenso cardiaco porta ad alti tassi di riammissione ospedaliera: quasi il 60% dei soggetti dimessi viene re-ospedalizzato entro un anno dal primo ricovero. L’educazione alla gestione della patologia alla dimissione diventa essenziale per prevenire questo fenomeno.

Obiettivi: descrivere i topic educativi, secondo i Modelli Funzionali di Gordon, da includere nell’intervento educativo, al fine di prevenire la riammissione in ospedale dell’assistito con scompenso cardiaco.

Materiali e Metodi: è stata condotta una revisione narrativa della letteratura consultando le banche dati MEDLINE e CINHAL.

Risultati: sono stati inclusi 28 articoli nella revisione. Dall’analisi dei materiali rispetto ai Modelli Funzionali, la letteratura reperita ne indaga 9 su 11. I modelli che non vengono attenzionati dall’educazione alla dimissione risultano Sessualità e Riproduzione e Valori e Convinzioni. Inoltre, la letteratura ha sottolineato come un processo educativo personalizzato alla dimissione sia utile nel prevenire le riammissioni ospedaliere per riacutizzazione della patologia.

Conclusioni: l’educazione terapeutica organizzata secondo i Modelli di Gordon, potrebbe migliorare l’efficacia dell’intervento nella prevenzione delle riammissioni per scompenso cardiaco. Il fatto di includere tutti gli aspetti della persona migliora la qualità di vita e permette un’efficace convivenza con la malattia.

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Come citare

Feletto, E., Mazzariol, E., & Moschetta, S. (2024). La prevenzione delle riammissioni nella persona con scompenso cardiaco grazie all’educazione secondo i Modelli Funzionali di Gordon. Revisione narrativa di letteratura. Scenario® - Il Nursing Nella Sopravvivenza, 41(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/scenario.2024.573