L’utilizzo dell’Helmet-CPAP nei reparti di pediatria: quali sono le conoscenze degli infermieri? Una survey

Pubblicato: 19 luglio 2023
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Introduzione: con l’avvento della pandemia da COVID-19 e l’aumento di virus respiratori, si è osservato un incremento dei casi di insufficienza respiratoria acuta, per cui è stato necessario implementare i trattamenti ad alta intensità di cura anche in setting non intensivi. Questa indagine ha l’obiettivo di valutare le conoscenze dei professionisti sanitari e le criticità riscontrate riguardo l’utilizzo del dispositivo Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (H-CPAP) nei setting extra intensivi pediatrici con lo scopo di predisporre bisogni formativi e strumenti operativi per una gestione ottimale del dispositivo.

Materiali e Metodi: è stata predisposta una survey descrittiva tramite un questionario ad hoc con domande a risposta multipla e aperta al personale sanitario dei reparti di pediatria di un’azienda pediatrica toscana.

Risultati: la maggior parte del campione è favorevole all’uso dell’H-CPAP in reparto e ha acquisito conoscenze sull’utilizzo, ma non si ritiene ancora autonomo nella sua gestione. Le principali criticità riguardano il ridotto numero di dotazione organica, la mancanza di strumentazione adeguata (telemetria) e infine la mancanza di formazione adeguata.

Discussione e conclusioni: l’indagine ha evidenziato l’importanza di implementare corsi di formazione teorici/pratici, assicurare un’organizzazione efficace e un numero di risorse umane adeguate per garantire la massima qualità dell’assistenza.

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Come citare

Maffeo, M., Cortese, M., Cecchi, L., Gregorini, M., Petronici, A., & Ciofi, D. (2023). L’utilizzo dell’Helmet-CPAP nei reparti di pediatria: quali sono le conoscenze degli infermieri? Una survey. Scenario® - Il Nursing Nella Sopravvivenza, 40(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/scenario.2023.556