Un sistema robotizzato per le preparazioni chemioterapiche: una revisione della letteratura

Pubblicato: 19 luglio 2023
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Introduzione: la fase più critica del processo di allestimento dei chemioterapici è la preparazione, in cui si registra sia il massimo livello di esposizione per l’operatore che il maggior numero di possibili errori. Oggi sono disponibili sistemi robotizzati che possono replicare quello che l’operatore esegue manualmente.

Materiali e Metodi: è stata eseguita una revisione della letteratura tra Ottobre e Novembre 2022, consultando le banche dati Medline (interfaccia PubMed), Cochrane Library e Google Scholar. I limiti applicati per la ricerca degli articoli sono stati: lingua italiana/inglese e pubblicazione negli ultimi 10 anni. Il quesito a cui si è cercato di rispondere è stato “Qual è l’efficacia, la sicurezza, l’impatto organizzativo ed economico del sistema robotizzato rispetto al sistema manuale?”.

Risultati: la ricerca bibliografica iniziale ha permesso di identificare 137 articoli rilevanti per la revisione, in seguito esclusi 12 perchè duplicati, 29 perchè in lingua francese/portoghese/spagnolo e antecedenti a Ottobre 2012, 69 articoli perchè contenenti obiettivi diversi. Sono stati dunque considerati ai fini della presente revisione 27 articoli.

Discussione: i dati raccolti dimostrano come l’efficacia, l’accuratezza e la precisione delle preparazioni di chemioterapici fornite tramite l’utilizzo dei sistemi robotizzati siano maggiori rispetto le preparazioni manuali. Il sistema robotizzato assicura maggiore sicurezza agli operatori e pazienti. Il confronto dei due metodi di preparazione ha evidenziato che la contaminazione delle preparazioni è inferiore nei sistemi robotizzati. Contrastanti sono i risultati sul miglioramento del workflow. Dal punto di vista economico potrebbe portare ad una riduzione dei costi.

Conclusioni: al fine di poter supportare decisioni relative all’introduzione di sistemi robotizzati per la preparazione dei chemioterapici in tutti i contesti sarebbero molto utili e auspicabili ulteriori studi di confronto, soprattutto nel contesto italiano.

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Come citare

Laus, G. (2023). Un sistema robotizzato per le preparazioni chemioterapiche: una revisione della letteratura. Scenario® - Il Nursing Nella Sopravvivenza, 40(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/scenario.2023.557