Dispositivi di ventilazione non invasiva nell'emergenza-urgenza pre-ospedaliera

Ricevuto: 11 aprile 2021
Accettato: 11 aprile 2021
Pubblicato: 11 aprile 2021
Abstract Views: 704
PDF: 184
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


La ventilazione non invasiva risulta essere una procedura molto utilizzata in emergenza-urgenza territoriale; della corretta applicazione l'infermiere ne è responsabile. L'obiettivo di questo studio è indagare quali siano i dispositivi maggiormente utilizzati.



PlumX Metrics


I dati di download non sono ancora disponibili.


Nielsen VML, Madsen J, Aasen A, Toft-Petersen AP, Lübcke K, Rasmussen BS, et al. Prehospital treatment with continuous positive airway pressure in patients with acute respiratory failure: A regional observational study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med [Internet]. 2016;24(1):1–10.
Chiara D’Angelo. La ventilazione non invasiva: Gestione Infermieristica della NIV [Internet]. 14/06/2014. Available from: https://www.infermieristicamente.it/articolo/4491/la-ventilazione-non-invasiva-gestione-infermieristica-della--niv [Accessed 20 luglio 2020]
Raine R. Noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Crit Care. 2000;2(1):192–211.
Masip J, Peacock WF, Price S, Cullen L, Martin-Sanchez FJ, Seferovic P, et al. Indications and practical approach to non-invasive ventilation in acute heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2018;39(1):17–25.
Mas A, Masip J. Noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Int J COPD. 2014;9:837–52.
MEDICINA ONLINE. 2018. [internet] Differenza tra NIV, CPAP e BIBAP. Available from: https://medicinaonline.co/2018/07/16/differenza-tra-niv-CPAP-e-bibap/ (accessed: 20 luglio 2020)
Nightingale R, Nwosu N, Kutubudin F, Fletcher T, Lewis J, Frost F, et al. Is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) a new standard of care for type 1 respiratory failure in COVID-19 patients? A retrospective observational study of a dedicated COVID-19 CPAP service. BMJ Open Respir Res. 2020;7(1):8–10.
Grant MJ, Booth A. A typology of reviews: An analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Info Libr J. 2009;26(2):91–108.
Polit DF BT. Fondamenti di Ricerca Infermieristica. 2° edizione. Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2014.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Group TP. Linee guida per il reporting di revisioni sistematiche e meta-analisi : il PRISMA Statement. Evidence. 2015;7(6): 1-8
Fuller G, Keating S, Goodacre S, Herbert E, Perkins G, Rosser A, et al. Is a definitive trial of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure versus standard oxygen therapy for acute respiratory failure indicated? The ACUTE pilot randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2020;10(7).
Fubini PE, Suppan L. Prehospital reversal of profound respiratory acidosis and hypercapnic coma by non-invasive ventilation: A report of two cases. Int J Emerg Med. 2020;13(1):20–2.
Daniel L. Schwerin; Scott Goldstein. ( 2020). “EMS, Prehospital CPAP Devicesâ€. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470429/ Published online: 28 giugno 2020 (Accessed: 25 luglio 2020)
Bakke SA, Botker MT, Riddervold IS, Kirkegaard H, Christensen EF. Continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive ventilation in prehospital treatment of patients with acute respiratory failure: A systematic review of controlled studies. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2014;22(1).
Knox N. Relationship between intubation rate and continuous positive airway pressure therapy in the prehospital setting. World J Emerg Med. 2015;6(1):60.
Salturk C, Esquinas AM. CPAP devices for emergency prehospital use: Looking inside of it. Respir Care. 2016;61(5):719.
Coggins AR, Cummins EN, Burns B. Management of critical illness with non-invasive ventilation by an Australian HEMS. Emerg Med J. 2016;33(11):807–11.
Simpson PM, Bendall JC. Prehospital non-invasive ventilation for acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: An evidence-based review. Emerg Med J. 2011;28(7):609–12.
Wong DT, Tam AD, Van Zundert TCRV. The usage of the Boussignac continuous positive airway pressure system in acute respiratory failure. Minerva Anestesiol. 2013;79(5):564–70.
Sen A. Review: In acute respiratory failure, prehospital CPAP reduces mortality and intubation rates. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(8):JC5.
Daily JC, Wang HE. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation: Resource document for the National Association of EMS physicians position statement. Prehospital Emerg Care. 2011;15(3):432–8.
Bello G, De Santis P, Antonelli M. Non-invasive ventilation in cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Ann Transl Med. 2018;6(18):355–355.
Volsko TA. Devices used for cpap delivery. Respir Care. 2019;64(6):723–34.
Cluzol L, Cautela J, Michelet P, Roch A, Kerbaul F, Mancini J, et al. Parcours de soins pré- et intra-hospitalier des patients admis pour insuffisance cardiaque aiguë : caractéristiques et impact sur le pronostic dans la « vraie vie ». Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2017;110(2):72–81.
Brusasco C, Corradi F, De Ferrari A, Ball L, Kacmarek RM, Pelosi P. CPAP devices for emergency prehospital use: A bench study. Respir Care. 2015;60(12):1777–85.
Mac Donncha C, Cummins N, Hennelly D, Hannigan A, Ryan D. An observational study of the utility of continuous positive airway pressure ventilation for appropriate candidates in prehospital care in the Midwest region. Ir J Med Sci. 2017;186(2):489–94.
Willmore A, Dionne R, Maloney J, Ouston E, Stiell I. Effectiveness and safety of a prehospital program of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in an urban setting. Can J Emerg Med. 2015;17(6):609–16.
Luiz T, Kumpch M, Grüttner J, Madler C, Viergutz T. Prehospital CPAP Therapy by Emergency Physicians in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure due to Acute Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema or Acutely Exacerbated COPD. In Vivo. 2016;30(2):133–9.
Hensel M, Strunden MS, Tank S, Gagelmann N, Wirtz S, Kerner T. Prehospital non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure is justified even if the distance to hospital is short. Am J Emerg Med [Internet]. 2019;37(4):651–6.
Pérez Regueiro I, Mosteiro Díaz MP, Herrero Puente P, Argüelles Luis J, Campa García AM, García Fernández JA. Efectividad del dispositivo de generación de presión positiva continua en la vía aérea (CPAP) de Boussignac en los pacientes con insuficiencia respiratoria aguda atendidos por un servicio de emergencias médicas. Emergencias. 2016;28(1):26–30.
Spijker EE, De Bont M, Bax M, Sandel M. Practical use, effects and complications of prehospital treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema using the Boussignac CPAP system. Int J Emerg Med. 2013;6(1):1–7.
Aguilar SA, Lee J, Castillo E, Lam B, Choy J, Patel E, et al. Assessment of the addition of prehospital continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to an urban emergency medical services (EMS) system in persons with severe respiratory distress. J Emerg Med [Internet]. 2013;45(2):210–9.
Ducros L, Logeart D, Vicaut E, Henry P, Plaisance P, Collet JP, et al. CPAP for acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema from out-of-hospital to cardiac intensive care unit: A randomised multicentre study. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(9):1501–9.

Agenzie di supporto

Come citare

Beretta, M., Guasconi, M., Veneziani, A., Branchini, L., & Lucenti, E. (2021). Dispositivi di ventilazione non invasiva nell’emergenza-urgenza pre-ospedaliera. Scenario® - Il Nursing Nella Sopravvivenza, 38(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.4081/scenario.2021.466