Interventi educativi nel periodo perioperatorio del paziente sottoposto a cardiochirurgia: una scoping review della letteratura

Lucia Filomeno, Andrea Minciullo, Silvia Gabellini

Abstract

L’assistenza al paziente in cardiochirurgia è molto delicata poiché si rivolge ad una persona molto spesso fragile o anziana che ha paura, è preoccupata ed ansiosa. L’esposizione a livelli elevati di stress nel pre e post-operatorio influisce sulla funzionalità corporea e può aggravare i sintomi della malattia cardiovascolare, sviluppando un disturbo post traumatico da stress che provoca un’estensione dei tempi di recupero, un aumento del dolore post-operatorio, un recupero più lento dall’anestesia, una maggiore richiesta di farmaci e una degenza ospedaliera prolungata. In questo contesto, l’infermiere attua interventi educativi volti a informare e sensibilizzare i pazienti su ciò che sperimenteranno, riducendo così il senso di ansia, aumentando le loro conoscenze e gettando le basi per un recupero più consapevole.

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